Dalbergia Sissoo, Indian Rosewood Plant For Sale In India

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Indian rosewood redirects here. Indian rosewood may also refer to Dalbergia latifolia.

Botanical Name - Dalbergia Sissoo

Common Name - Indian Rosewood




Division: Angiosperms

Division: Eudicots

Division: Rosids

Order: Fabales

Family: Fabaceae

Genus: Dalbergia

Species: D. sissoo

"Indian rosewood" redirects here. Indian rosewood may also refer to Dalbergia latifolia.

Dalbergia sissoo, known commonly as North Indian Rosewood, is a fast-growing, hardy deciduous rosewood tree native to the Indian Subcontinent and Southern Iran. D. Sissoo is a large, crooked tree with long, leathery leaves and whitish or pink flowers.

Common names for D. Sissoo are sisu, tahli or tali, and also irugudujava. Indian common names are biradi, and sisau. In Afghanistan its name is shewa, and in Persian, it is called jag. D. Sissoo is the state tree of India's Punjab state and the provincial tree of Pakistan's Punjab province.

The wood of D. Sissoo is known as sheesham or shisham and is an important commercial timber.

D. sissoo is a medium to large deciduous tree with a light crown which reproduces by seeds and suckers. It can grow up to a maximum of 25 m (82 ft) in height and 2 to 3 m (6 ft 7 in to 9 ft 10 in) in diameter, but is usually smaller. Trunks are often crooked when grown in the open. Leaves are leathery, alternate, pinnately compound and about 15 cm (5.9 in) long. Flowers are whitish to pink, fragrant, nearly sessile, up to 1.5 cm (0.59 in) long and in dense clusters 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in length. Pods are oblong, flat, thin, strap-like 4–8 cm (1.6–3.1 in) long, 1 cm (0.39 in) wide and light brown. They contain 1–5 flat bean-shaped seeds 8–10 mm (0.31–0.39 in) long. They have a long taproot and numerous surface roots which produce suckers. Young shoots are downy and drooping; established stems with light brown to dark gray bark to 2.5 cm (0.98 in) thick, shed in narrow strips; large upper branches support a spreading crown.

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